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Nutrition & Deficiencies

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Overview of Health & Nutrition

Good food consumption and weight control are both important for good health. Intelligent diet and food preferences can help avoid illness. Eating the right food will allow the body to cope with continuing illness more effectively. Comprehension of healthy nutrition and commitment to what you eat will help to protect or enhance your health and Nutrition.

What is good food?

Food and nutrition are the way we get fuel and supply our bodies with energy. Each day we have to substitute nutrients in our bodies with a new supply. Water is an important nutritional component. All is needed for fats , proteins and carbohydrates. It is also important to maintain key vitamins and minerals to maintain good health. Vitamins such as Vitamin D and minerals such as calcium and iron, as well as potential dietary supplements, are essential in pregnant women and adults over 50.

There are plenty of natural ingredients in a balanced diet. A significant proportion of a balanced diet will be in red , orange or dark green fruits and vegetables. Whole grains, like whole wheat and brown rice, should also be included in your diet. Milky products should be non-fat or low-fat for adults.

Effective quality also ensures that all foods are avoided. Sodium is commonly found in processed foods and is toxic to people with high blood pressure. The USDA recommends that adults consume less than 300 mg of cholesterol (found in, but not limited to, meat and whole-fat dairy products) a day. Heart health can be impaired by fried foods, solid fats, and trans fats found in margarine and processed foods. Refined grains (white meal, white rice) and refined sugar (table sugar, high-fructose corner syrup), especially for diabetes, are also bad for long-term health. In quantities of more than one serving per day for one woman and two for one man per day, alcohol may be detrimental to health.

Many high quality, free recommendations for healthy food plans are available, which provide more detail on portion size, overall intake of calories, what to eat more and what to eat less to stay healthy.

 Nutritional shortcomings

Specific dietary deficiencies include:

 

  • Beriberi: low vitamin B1 concentrations (found in cereal husks)

 

  • Ariboflavinosis: poor vitamin B2 levels

 

  • pellagra: higher vitamin B3 levels

 

  • Paresthesia: low vitamin B5 levels contributing to a sensation of “pins and needles.”

 

  • biotin deficiency: low vitamin B7 levels that can be recurrent during pregnancy

 

  • Hypocobalaminemia: poor B12 levels

 

  • Night blindness: low vitamin A levels

 

  • Scurvy: low vitamin C levels

 

  • Rickets: serious vitamin D and/or deficit of calcium

 

  • Deficiency of vitamin K

 

  • Lack of magnesium: happens with other drugs and health conditions

 

  • Potassium deficiency: other drugs and medical conditions arise

 

Eating a healthy diet will help avoid this. Many people, such as pregnant and nursing mothers and people with intestinal disorders, may need vitamin supplements.

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